Growing awareness about the environment has led the industry and research community to focus on Green Chemistry that is concerned with developing processes and products to reduce or eliminate hazardous substances.
One of the primary goals of the Green Chemistry is to prevent pollution at its source, as opposed to dealing with pollution after it has occurred. Accordingly, utilization of nontoxic chemicals, environmentally benign solvents and renewable materials are some of the key factors in green synthesis strategy.
The chemical industry of India is experiencing an annual growth rate of around 15% and has the potential to reach business turnover of around US $100 billion / year in near future.
The share of basic, specialty and knowledge chemicals is about 57%, 25% and 18% respectively in India. It is expected that the ratio is likely to change in favour of knowledge intensive chemicals, which comprises pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and biotechnology, as India is emerging as a global hub for knowledge intensive areas.
Through the concept of green chemistry new developments in processes and products as well as optimization and improvements in designs will make the Indian industry competitive. Green chemistry is not only important from environment perspective but from economic enterprise gain also.
In view of this the Office of Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India has constituted a committee to address specific issues of Chemical Industry. The committee has identified five sectors of Indian Chemical Industry for adopting Green Chemistry concepts and is in the process of making its recommendations.