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Dr. R. Chidambaram is one of India’s distinguished experimental physicists and he has made outstanding contributions to many aspects of basic science and nuclear technology. He received his Ph.D. degree from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1962 and joined the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in 1962 and became its Director in 1990. He was Chairman, Indian Atomic Energy Commission from 1993-2000. He was Chairperson of the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) during 1994-95. He was a member of the Commission of Eminent Persons appointed by IAEA in 2008 to prepare a report on the ‘Role of the IAEA to 2020 and Beyond’. He was a member and later Vice-President of the Executive Committee of the International Union of Crystallography during 1990-99. He has D.Sc (h.c.) degrees from more than twenty Universities in India and abroad. He has more than 200 research publications in refereed journals and all his research work has been in India.
Dr. Chidambaram has been awarded the Padma Shri in 1975 and Padma Vibhushan, the second highest civilian award in India, in 1999. He has also won many other Awards including the Distinguished Alumnus Award of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1991, the Second Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary International Visiting Fellowship by the Indian National Science Academy in 1992, the C.V. Raman Birth Centenary Award of the Indian Science Congress Association in 1995, the Distinguished Materials Scientist of the Year Award of the Material Research Society of India (MRSI) for 1996, the R.D. Birla Award of the Indian Physics Association (1996), the Lokmanya Tilak Award (1998), Veer Savarkar Award (1999), Dadabhai Naoroji Millennium Award (1999), Meghnad Saha Medal of the Indian National Science Academy (2002), Sri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi National Eminence Award (2003), Homi Bhabha Lifetime Achievement Award of the Indian Nuclear Society (2006), Lifetime Contribution Award in Engineering (2009) from Indian National Academy of Engineering and the C. V. Raman Medal (2013) from the Indian National Science Academy. He is also a Member of the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change, Chairman of the High-Level Committee for the National Knowledge Network and a member of the Space Commission. Currently Dr. Chidambaram is the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India and Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet.